Welfare Ranching: The Subsidized Destruction of the American West

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
FOREWORD, Douglas R. Tompkins
vii
INTRODUCTION
xiii
 
PART I - This Land Is Your Land
1
      Public Lands Ranching: By the Numbers
5
      Ranching Myths
7
      The Iron Pentagon
16
 
PART II - Cultural and Historical Roots: The Grasp of the Cowboy on Contemporary Consciousness
18
      In the Beginning: Cow, Christopher Manes
23
      Beef, Cowboys, the West: American Icons, George Wuerthner
27
      Land Held Hostage: A History of Livestock and Politics, Thomas L. Fleischner, Ph.D.
33
      An Evil in the Season: The Cattleman's Welfare System Begins, T. H. Watkins
41
      Pillaged Preserves: Livestock in National Parks and Wilderness Areas, Andy Kerr and Mark Salvo
47
      Free Speech: The Cowboy and His Cow, Edward Abbey
57
 
PART III - Looking Across the Arid West: What's Wrong with This Picture?
62
      Understanding Range Management, George Wuerthner
67
      How to Look . . . and See
70
 
PART IV - A Century of Trashing Public Lands Ecological Impacts of Livestock Production in Arid Western Landscapes
162
      The Science of Nature and the Nature of Science: Questions of Fact and Value, Mollie Matteson
167
      Surveying the West: A Summary of Research on Livestock Impacts, Allison Jones
171
      Lifeblood of the West: Riparian Zones, Biodiversity, and Degradation by Livestock, J. Boone Kauffman, Ph.D.
175
      What the River Once Was: Livestock Destruction of Waters and Wetlands, Joy Belsky, Ph.D., Andrea Matzke, and Shauna Uselman
179
      Cattle and Streams: Piecing Together a Story of Change, Suzanne Fouty
185
      Stink Water: Declining Water Quality Due to Livestock Production, John Carter, Ph.D.
189
      Guzzling the West's Water: Squandering a Public Resource at Public Expense, George Wuerthner
195
      The Soil's Living Surface: Biological Crusts, George Wuerthner
199
      Comrades in Harm: Livestock and Exotic Weeds in the Intermountain West, Joy Belsky, Ph.D., and Jonathan L. Gelbard
203
      Silent Springs: Threats to Frog Habitat from Livestock Production, Janice Engle
207
      Native Snails: Indicators of Ecosystem Health, Terrence J. Frest, Ph.D.
211
      Birds and Bovines: Effects of Livestock Grazing on Birds in the West, Carl E. Bock, Ph.D.
217
      Ranching in Bear Country: Conflict and Conservation, Brian L. Horejsi, Ph.D.
221
      A West Without Wolves: The Livestock Industry Hamstrings Wolf Recovery, Michael J. Robinson
227
      Prairie Dog Gone: Myth, Persecution, and Preservation of a Keystone Species, Lauren McCain, Richard P. Reading, Ph.D., and Brian J. Miller, Ph.D.
231
      Sage Grouse: Imperiled Icon of the Sagebrush Sea, Randy Webb, Ph.D., and Mark Salvo
237
      Where Bison Once Roamed: The Impacts of Cattle and Sheep on Native Herbivores, Bill Willers
241
      A War Against Predators: The Killing of Wildlife Funded by Taxpayers, Brooks Fahy and Cheri Briggs
247
      A Heavy Toll: Native Animals Harmed by Livestock Production
251
 
PART V - Ranching Economics and Livestock Subsidies: The True Cost of a Hamburger
258
      Taking Stock of Public Lands Grazing: An Economic Analysis, Thomas M. Power, Ph.D.
263
      Mortgaging Public Assets: How Ranchers Use Grazing Permits as Collateral, Mark Salvo
271
      It's What's for Dinner: The Health Costs of Meat, Virginia Kisch Messina
279
      Eating Is an Agricultural Act: Modern Livestock Agriculture from a Global Perspective, Richard Schwartz, Ph.D., and Mollie Matteson
283
 
PART VI - False Hopes and Counterarguments: Ways to Stay Blind to the Critical Plight of Western Ecosystems
286
      The Donut Diet: The Too-Good-to-Be-True Claims of Holistic Management, George Wuerthner
291
      Just a Domestic Bison? Cattle Are No Substitute for Buffalo, George Wuerthner
295
      Cows or Condos: A False Choice Between Public Lands Ranching and Sprawl, George Wuerthner
299
      Using a Hammer to Swat Mosquitoes: Livestock as Management "Tools," George Wuerthner
305
 
PART VII - Looking for Solutions: Restoring the West and Wildlife
308
      The Last Roundup: Options for Ending Destructive Public Lands Ranching, Bill Marlett
313
      Upholding the Law: Litigation and Public Lands Livestock, Stephanie M. Parent
317
 
OUR VISION
322
Acknowledgments
323
What You Can Do
324
Groups to Contact
324
Assessing Livestock Impacts on Public Lands
325
Key References and Resources
326
A Guide to Livestock-Free Landscapes
327
Endnotes
329
Index
343