Livestock Feed and Acreage Requirements

Federal Grazing Program
Federal Lands
Animal Unit Months
Acres
Bureau of Land Management
7,872,819 4
163,311,163 5
National Park Service
81,752 6
< 3,000,000 7
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
258,166 8
1,416,005 9
USDA-Forest Service
7,963,233 10
89,550,382 11
Total Grazed Federal Public Lands
16,175,970
257,277,550
Total Federal Public Lands
383,332,069 12



1. GAO. 1988. Public rangelands: some riparian areas restored but widespread improvement will be slow. RCED-88-105. General Accounting Office. Washington, DC: 12.
2. GAO. 1988. Public rangelands: some riparian areas restored but widespread improvement will be slow. RCED-88-105. General Accounting Office. Washington, DC: 12.
3. Rogers, P. 1999. Cash cows. San Jose Mercury News (Nov. 7, 1999): 3S.
4. AUMs in eleven western states (AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NV, NM, OR, UT, WA, WY). Bureau of Land Management. 2003. PUBLIC LAND STATISTICS 2002. (data reported for fiscal year 2002 [Oct. 2001-Sept. 2002], as of Dec. 17, 2002).
5. Acres in eleven western states (where nearly all BLM grazing occurs). GAO. 1992. Rangeland management: profile of the Bureau of Land Management's grazing allotments and permits. RCED 92-213FS. Government Accounting Office. Washington, DC.
6. Joyce, L. A. 1989. An analysis of the range forage situation in the United States: 1989-2040. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-180. USDA-Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Exp. Stn. Fort Collins, CO: 40.
7. Parks, monuments, and memorials administered by the National Park Service in eleven western states. Jacobs, L. 1991. WASTE OF THE WEST. Lynn Jacobs, Tucson, AZ: 473.
8. All units of National Wildlife Refuge System. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. National wildlife refuges - grazing and haying. Available at www.refuges.fws.gov/habitat/grazinghaying.html. (data from 1994; accessed May 2001).
9. All units of National Wildlife Refuge System. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. National wildlife refuges - grazing and haying. Available at www.refuges.fws.gov/habitat/grazinghaying.html. (data from 1994; accessed May 2001).
10. Permitted AUMs on national forests and grasslands. USDA-Forest Service. 2000. Grazing statistical summary FY 2000. USDA-Forest Service, Range Management. Washington, DC. (August 2000). (data collected at the end of calendar year 2000).
11. Forest Service acres grazed in all or parts of fifteen western states (AZ, CA, CO, ID, KS, MT, ND, NE, NV, NM, OR, SD, UT, WA, WY). GAO. 1993. Rangeland management: profile of the Forest Service's grazing allotments and permittees. RCED 93-141FS. Government Accounting Office. Washington, DC.
12. Total federal acreage managed by the Bureau of Land Management, Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service in 48 contiguous states as of September 30, 1994. Government Accounting Office. 1996. Land ownership: information on acreage, management and use of federal and other lands. Washington, DC: 24-25.